SCHOOLHOUSE ROCK - "AMERICA ROCK" (1975-76)
First off are the so-called "America Rock" family of shorts from the Schoolhouse Rock series. I remember watching Schoolhouse Rock when it used to air on television Sunday mornings in the late 70s and early 80s. I loved them then, but appreciate them even more today. There has always been children's programming that tried to educate and entertain at the same time, but Schoolhouse Rock actually pulled it off!
"Fireworks" (1976), which tells us about the "pursuit of happiness" clause of the Declaration of Independence, seems like an obvious choice for Independence Day viewing, since it specifically mentions the Fourth of July...
...but there's also "No More Kings" (1975), focusing on the Boston Tea Party that turned the harbor into the "biggest cup of tea in history"...
..."The Preamble" (1976), which sets the opening paragraph of the Constitution to music...
...and my favorite, "The Shot Heard 'Round the World" (1976), chronicling in song the Revolutionary War, from the first warning cries of Paul Revere ("The British are coming!") to the final surrender by Gen. Cornwallis at Yorktown.
MERRIE MELODY - OLD GLORY (1939)
Next up is the 1939 Warner Bros. Merrie Melody, "Old Glory".
Porky Pig is visited by the spirit of Uncle Sam himself, who gives Porky a primer in early American history, including the ride of Paul Revere and the signing of the Declaration of Independence.
All the historical segments are animated in a very realistic style.
By the end, Porky is stirred to a heartfelt recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance (the original version, omitting the phrase "under God" which wasn't added until 1954).
UNCLE SAM MAGOO (1970)
The 1970 TV-special Uncle Sam Magoo (UPA) has our favorite sight-and-hair-challenged geezer, Mr. Magoo, getting his own visit from the spirit of Uncle Sam...
...who proceeds to lead us through an overview of American history, including yet another depiction of the ride of Paul Revere.
Magoo marches through the streets with Patriot soldiers...
...and we get a glimpse of the Boston Tea Party...
...before skipping to Betsy Ross seeking Magoo's approval of her just-sewn American flag prototype (spoiler alert: he liked it!)
Then we jump forward to Chesapeake Bay, 1812, for a visit to Francis Scott Key (where Magoo contributes a line or two to the lyrics of The Star Spangled Banner.)
BEN AND ME (1953, Disney)
Based on the 1939 children's book by Robert Lawson, Walt Disney's "Ben and Me" reveals how many of the accomplishments attributed to Ben Franklin, including invention of the bi-focals and the central heating stove, should actually be credited to his secret mouse friend, Amos.
Amos even writes the opening paragraph of the Declaration of Independence when Thomas Jefferson gets writers block.
We'll see brief vignettes of the civil unrest that leads to the Boston Tea Party and the war.
YANKEE DOODLE CRICKET (1975)
The 1975 made-for-TV Chuck Jones animated "Yankee Doodle Cricket" follows a similar theme as Ben and Me. In this case, its not just a mouse, but also cat and cricket who have secretly participated in significant moments of America's founding.
The mouse Tucker not only helps author the Declaration of Independence, but also comes up with the design for the Gadsden Flag, inspired by a slithering associate.
We'll see yet another depiction of the ride of Paul Revere (the cat, Harry, helps launch Paul's horse with a sharp-clawed swipe to its rear).
This bird's eye view of Paul Revere's ride looks suspiciously familiar...
Here it is alongside the same scene from the earlier Uncle Sam Magoo. IMDB shows both toons shared at least a few of the same artists, which might explain the similarity(?)
UPDATE: Mystery solved! Thanks to reader Philip Davis for pointing out the layout is based on a historic painting by Grant Wood titled "The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere" (although I still wish there was some animators' conspiracy afoot!)
The cricket Chester is credited with writing the song Yankee Doodle Dandy, which rouses and inspires the Patriot soldiers.
POPEYE'S TEA PARTY and POPEYE REVERE (1960)
My introduction to the character Popeye was the early-60s color shorts produced by King Features (I used to catch them on Phoenix's local kiddie cartoon rerun show, Wallace and Ladmo). This era of Popeye is kind of dismissed by Popeye purists (in much the same way that the Rembrandt Films/Gene Deitch era Tom and Jerry's are), but guess what? I loved 'em! Popeye visited the Revolutionary period at least twice...
In Popeye's Tea Party, Popeye travels back in time to Boston, where Tory Brutus is declaring one unbearable tax after another...
Popeye, Olive Oil, Swee'pea and Whimpy dress as Indians to carry out the Boston Tea Party.
In another episode, we learn that Popeye's grandad, Granpappy Poop Deck, not Paul Revere, was responsible for warning that the British are coming on that famous midnight ride.
A staple of every episode of Popeye was the sailor finding his strength at the last moment by eating some spinach, but in this episode, Granpappy consumes some "spinach snuff" instead!
THIS IS AMERICA, CHARLIE BROWN (Birth of the Constitution) (1988)
In 1988 and 1989, the Peanuts gang appeared in an 8-part miniseries called "This is America, Charlie Brown", which found Charlie Brown, Snoopy and the rest of the gang participating in and exploring various significant moments in United States history (the first pilgrims arriving on the Mayflower in The Mayflower Voyagers, the Wright Brothers first flight in Wright Brothers at Kitty Hawk.)
The series skips over the American Revolution itself, instead choosing to focus on the adoption of the U.S. Constitution at the First Continental Congress, 1787 (Birth of the Constitution).
No rationalization is provided to explain how the Peanuts gang are able to jaunt through time and space to arrive at these significant moments in history. In fact, the characters are depicted as belonging to the specific time period for each episode, as if history was littered with multiple batches of Peanuts clones, each unaware of the other's existence. Anyway, just go with it.
Since the Continental Congress was basically an ongoing series of oral arguments occurring in one room, this episode tends to be more "edu-" than "-taining", as we got LOTS and LOTS of scenes of... people talking...
...and talking some more.
Charlie Brown and company are reduced to being supporting characters, mopping the floors of Independence Hall and tending to the delegates horses. But there are some fun moments here and there, such as Snoopy trying on Revolution-era wigs...
...and Charlie Brown inventing the game that would come to define him, baseball.
HERE COMES PETER COTTONTAIL (1971)
I would be remiss not to mention Peter Cottontail's detour to "Fourth of July land" in the Rankin Bass Easter special, Here Comes Peter Cottontail (1971) (I previously posted on his stoppover at a Halloween-themed land.)
Peter dresses up like Uncle Sam and decorates his eggs with red, white and blue designs.
There's even a fireworks show!